A Survey of Industry Data Models and Reference Data Libraries
Roadmap showing the application areas of the sources
The application areas of the source industrial data models and reference data libraries are shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1 - Application areas of the industry data models and libraries
The industry sector data models shown in Figure 1 are principally concerned with manufacture, operation and maintenance of material objects in particular industrial sectors. There are the following areas which are different and do not fit easily into this diagram:
- government information models, which are discussed in section 10. These cover activities performed by government. The models considered are the US Department of Defense Architecture Framework, and the UK Information Exchange Standard with a focus on law and order.
- digital twins for building and construction, which are discussed in section 11. These cover buildings, the systems within them, and commercial activities involving buildings.
- data models for trading, which are discussed in section 12. These models are principally intended for business activities such as on-line retail. Nonetheless, Microsoft's Common Data Model is the basis for the International Building Performance and Data Initiative (IBPDI) model discussed in section 11.
- life cycle assessment, which are discussed in section 13. The European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment (EPLCA) contains reference data to support life cycle assessment, which formatted in accordance with international standards.
- telecommunication ontologies for digital twins, which are discussed in section 14. These ontologies are based upon telecommunication protocols, and are independent of work on digital twins for manufacturing discussed in section 7.