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Framework of Information System Concepts


General

  • Ontologically Committed

    Ontological
  • Commitment Level

    Low
  • Subject

    Foundational
  • Categorical

    Yes

Vertical

  • Parent-arity Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Transitivity

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Downward

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Fixed Finite Levels

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Number of Fixed Levels

    Not yet assessed
  • Stratification Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Whole Part - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Whole Part - Complement

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Type Instance - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Super Sub Type - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Super Sub Type - Complement

    Not yet assessed
  • Relation Class-ness Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Relation Class-ness Super Sub Type

    Not yet assessed

Horizontal

  • Spacetime

    Not yet assessed
  • Locations

    Not yet assessed
  • Properties

    Not yet assessed
  • Endurants

    Not yet assessed
  • Immaterial

    Not yet assessed

Universal

  • Merelogy

    No
  • Interpenetration

    Not yet assessed
  • Materialism

    Not yet assessed
  • Possibilia

    Not yet assessed
  • Criteria Of Identity

    Not yet assessed
  • Time

    Eternalist
  • Indexicals: Here And Now

    Supported
  • Higher-arity

    Not yet assessed

Framework of Information System Concepts - FRISCO 

  1. Overview 

FRISCO (for FRamework of Information System COncepts) is a full-fledged framework rooted in a strong semiotic philosophy to the formalisation of conceptual models in the context of information systems.  

  1. Top-level 

image.png 

 image.png 

Excerpt of full report illustrating scope.  

image.png 

Excerpt of full report illustrating scope.  

  1. Key characteristics 

 A generic framework for conceptual modelling in the context of information systems. 

  1. Relevant extracts 

FRISCO Full Report - motivation for FRISCO: 

There is no commonly accepted conceptual reference and terminology, to be applied for defining or explaining existing or new concepts for information systems. 

Self-description: 

The FRISCO report provides a reference background for scientists and professionals in the information system area comprising a consistent and fully coherent system of concepts and a suitable terminology that enables them to express themselves about matters in the information system area in a structured and well-defined way. 

Ontology defined: 

The term ‘ontology’ is used in different meanings in the literature. Here and throughout the report we shall use this term as meaning that department of metaphysics concerned with "theories" or "views" of how human beings think of (i.e. "conceive") the "world". A particular theory or view will be called "ontological theory", "ontological view" or "ontological position". It is based on an unquestioned (but reasonably described) metaphysical position, or "Weltanschauung". Whereas an ontological view contains and correlates ontological categories or generic concepts representing specific components, aspects and features in a precise way, a "Weltanschauung" is an "inter-subjective" common understanding, expressed in informal terms. 

“our conceptual framework”: 

We shall refer to the result of our quest as "our conceptual framework". Of course, we do not pursue the aim of developing a universal ontological theory. Rather we restrict ourselves to the presentation of an ontological view suitable for describing and explaining the most important phenomena and concepts in the information system field only. 

Defining the most general concept of all, "thing". 

With these preliminary considerations in mind, we can now commence with our definitions. We start out with the most general concept of all, "thing". 

Definition E1: Thing A thing is any part of a conception of a domain (being itself a "part" or "aspect" of the "world"). The set of all things under consideration is the conception of that domain.  

Aspects: 

An extensional model is that part of a model containing a specific population of the 
types in the corresponding intensional model, whereby this population must obey all 
rules determined in that intensional model. (p. 57) 

For our framework we have chosen to derive a time axis consisting of time points from the strict order of transition occurrences of a clock. (p. 39-40) 

Indexical:  

Absolute time: today, a particular time of today  

Hesse, Wolfgang/Verrijn-Stuart, Alex: Towards a Theory of Information Systems: The FRISCO Approach, 10th European-Japanese Conference on Information Modeling and Knowledge Bases, Saariselkä, Finland, May 8-11, 2000. 

E.D. Falkenberg, W. Hesse, P. Lindgreen, B.E. Nilsson, J.L.H. Oei, C. Rolland, R.K. Stamper, F.J.M. Van Assche, A.A. Verrijn-Stuart, K. Voss, FRISCO : A Framework of Information System Concepts, The IFIP WG 8.1 Task Group FRISCO, December 1996. 

Hesse, Wolfgang: Information System Concepts based on semiotics and ontology: The FRISCO Approach 


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