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Bunge-Wand-Webber Ontology


General

  • Ontologically Committed

    Ontological
  • Commitment Level

    Low
  • Subject

    Foundational
  • Categorical

    Yes

Vertical

  • Parent-arity Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Transitivity

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Downward

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Fixed Finite Levels

    Not yet assessed
  • Boundedness Type Instance - Number of Fixed Levels

    Not yet assessed
  • Stratification Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Whole Part - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Whole Part - Complement

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Type Instance - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Super Sub Type - Fusion

    Not yet assessed
  • Formal Generation - Super Sub Type - Complement

    Not yet assessed
  • Relation Class-ness Type Instance

    Not yet assessed
  • Relation Class-ness Super Sub Type

    Not yet assessed

Horizontal

  • Spacetime

    Not yet assessed
  • Locations

    Not yet assessed
  • Properties

    Unifying
  • Endurants

    Separating
  • Immaterial

    Not yet assessed

Universal

  • Merelogy

    No
  • Interpenetration

    Not yet assessed
  • Materialism

    Not yet assessed
  • Possibilia

    Not yet assessed
  • Criteria Of Identity

    Not yet assessed
  • Time

    Not yet assessed
  • Indexicals: Here And Now

    Not yet assessed
  • Higher-arity

    Not yet assessed

Bunge-Wand-Webber Ontology - BWW 

  1. Overview 

Inspired by Bunge, applied to information systems. There is an element of ontologically inspired formalisation of information systems. There is also a major element of adopting an ontological approach to the representation of domains of reality that are modelled in information systems.  

  1. Top-level 

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  1. Key characteristics 

The Bunge-Wand-Weber is a TLO with low ontological commitment. It is intended to support all applications of information systems.  

  1. Relevant extracts 

What are these real-world characteristics that must be preserved? To obtain an answer to this question, we have turned to the discipline of philosophy. Within philosophy, the structure and behavior of the real world are the concern of ontologists. Accordingly, we have sough ontological models that would enable us to identify those deep-structure properties an information system must possess if it is to be a good representation of the real world system it is intended to model. (Wand and Weber, 1990) p. 63 

The purpose of the ontological model we have proposed is to define a set of constructs that are necessary and sufficient to describe the structure and behavior of the real world. [...] More precisely, the ontological constructs deal with someone's perception of the real world. (Wand and Weber, 1990) 

The first step in suggesting a theoretical foundation for information systems design is to define an information system as an abstract concept (as opposed to a physical artifact or the way it is used). (Wand and Weber, 1990b) 

A thing X is a substantial individual x with its properties: X =<x,p(x)>. (Wand and Weber, 1990b) 

By ontological expressiveness, we mean that an ISAD grammar can be used to describe all ontological constructs completely and clearly.  

[…] 

Rather than engaging in woolly philosophical polemics, we 
seek instead to produce concrete outcomes using Bunge's ontology and to judge these 
outcomes by their usefulness. (Wand and Weber, 1993) 

Wand, Yair and Weber, Ron. (1988) An ontological Analysis of some Fundamental Information Systems Concepts". ICIS 1988 Proceedings. 35. http://aisel.aisnet.org/icis1988/35 

Wand, Yair and Weber, Ron. (1990) "Toward a Theory of the Deep Structure of Information Systems". ICIS 
1990 Proceedings. 3. http://aisel.aisnet.org/icis1990/3 

Wand, Yair and Weber, Ron (1990b). Mario Bunge's ontology as a formal foundation for information systems concepts. Studies on Mario Bunge's Treatise. Edited by Paul Weingartner and George Dorn. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Rodopi B.V.123-150. 

Wand, Yair and Weber, Ron. (1993) "On the ontologrcal expressiveness of information systems analysis and design grammars". J of Info Systems 3, 217-237. 

Wand, Yair and Weber, Ron. (1995) "On the Deep Structure of Information Systems". Info Systems J 5, 203-223. 

Rosemann, Michael & Vessey, Iris & Weber, Ron & Wyssusek, Boris. (2004). On the Applicability of the Bunge-Wand-Weber Ontology to Enterprise Systems Requirements. 


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